L.R.Q. c., S-40
The members’ code of ethics is intended as a guide to the art of directing their personal and professional conduct in their dealings with others on a physical, mental, emotional and spiritual level.
Members of one or more of the Commission’s professional associations must swear an oath to respect the regulations of this code. Oaths to the regulations of the Code of Ethics are administered by a Commissioner of Oaths appointed by the Ministère de la Justice du Québec.
In order to simplify the reading of this text, we have used the masculine form to designate men and women indistinctly.
In the present by-law, unless the context indicates otherwise, the following definitions apply:
- “Commission” the Commission des Praticiens en Médecines Douces du Québec:
- “Practitioner” means a person registered with the Commission:
“Patient” a person, group, community or organization benefiting from the services of a practitioner.
“Alternative medicine” is medicine that makes little or no use of chemical substances or surgery. (Villeneuve, C.) Sondage auprès des Québécois usagers de médecine douce, Office des professions du Québec, August 1991, page (6) article (1.5)
1.01. The practitioner registered with the CPMDQ must, in the exercise of his profession or practice, take into account the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual principles generally recognized in alternative medicine.
SECTION II – General provisions
2.01. Upon acceptance of a mandate and during its execution, the practitioner must take into account the limits of his competence and the means at his disposal. He may not undertake professional work for which he is not sufficiently prepared.
2.02. The practitioner may not practice his profession or practice in a state likely to compromise the quality of his services. He may not practice his profession while under the influence of any substance likely to produce intoxication, impairment or disturbance of faculties, or unconsciousness.
2.03. The practitioner shall make every effort to establish and maintain trust between himself and his patient. He must respect his patient’s values and convictions in all his dealings.
2.04. The practitioner must behave irreproachably towards his patient, whether physically, mentally, emotionally or spiritually. The practitioner must not take advantage of a patient from a physical or emotional point of view:
- It is forbidden to engage in sexual activities with patients.
- It is forbidden to borrow money from a patient.
SECTION III – Integrity and Objectivity
3.01. Practitioners shall perform their professional duties with integrity, objectivity and reserve.
3.02. The practitioner must avoid any action or attitude likely to give his profession a character of gain.
3.03. The Practitioner must inform his patient of the scope and conditions of the mandate entrusted to him by the latter, and must obtain his patient’s approval in this regard.
3.04. The Practitioner must fully and objectively explain to the patient the nature and scope of the problem, possible solutions and their implications.
3.05. The Practitioner, in his professional duty, must not misrepresent his competence or the effectiveness of his services.
3.06. The Practitioner shall not use any procedure to coerce a person to make a confession against his will.
3.07. With the exception of fees, the Practitioner does not enter into any economic relationship with the patient.
- It is forbidden to borrow money from a patient.
3.08. The practitioner may not perform professional acts without sufficient reason. He must avoid performing any act disproportionate to his patient’s needs.
3.09. The practitioner must refrain from diminishing or enhancing his patient by differences such as culture, ethnicity, color, race, sex, religion, marital status, sexual tendencies, mental or physical abilities, age, socio-economic status and/or any other personal preference or characteristic, condition or status.
SECTION IV – Availability and diligence
4.01. The Practitioner shall be available and diligent in dealing with the patient.
4.02. The practitioner must provide his patient with the explanations necessary to understand the treatments he renders.
4.03. Except for just and reasonable cause, the practitioner may not terminate his services to his patient. Just and reasonable grounds for termination include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Lack of trust on the part of the patient
The patient no longer benefits from the practitioner’s services
- The practitioner is in a conflict of interest that compromises his relationship with the patient.
- Invitation by the patient to perform unfair, illegal or fraudulent acts.
SECTION VI – Independence
6.01. The practitioner may not receive, in addition to his fees to which he is entitled, any benefit, rebate or commission except for the purchase and/or sale of therapeutic products which may benefit the patient. Furthermore, he shall not pay, offer to pay or undertake to pay any rebate or commission.
Section VII – Professional Secrecy
7.01. The Practitioner respects the professional secrecy of all information in the file as confidential which he may have obtained in the exercise of his profession: He may be relieved of his professional secrecy only with the order of the court or when so ordered by law.
7.02. The practitioner must not reveal that a person has sought his services, unless the nature of the situation or problem in question makes such revelation necessary or unavoidable. In such cases, the practitioner must inform the patient as soon as possible.
7.03. The practitioner conceals the identity of his patients when using information obtained from them.
7.04. The Practitioner informs participants in a group session of the possibility that any aspect of the private life of any of them may be revealed, and undertakes to respect the privacy and confidentiality of any communications they may obtain during the session.
7.05. Except in the case of a minor and the person legally responsible, when the Practitioner is working with a couple or family, the right of confidentiality of each member of the couple or family must be protected.
7.06. The practitioner must not use the patient’s confidential information to obtain an advantage for himself or herself or for another person. Example of the limit to confidentiality;
- When explicit consent to do so is given
- When required by law or court order
- In the case of a minor and the person legally responsible.
SECTION VIII – Determination and payment of fees
8.01. The practitioner must claim that his fees are legitimate and reasonable. His fees must be justified by the treatments rendered.
8.02. The practitioner must take the following factors into account when determining his fees.
- The time devoted to professional treatment
- The difficulty and importance of the treatment
8.03. The practitioner may not demand payment of his fees in advance.
8.04. The practitioner must inform the patient of the approximate cost and duration of the professional treatment.
8.05. The practitioner may not charge interest on his accounts.
8.06. Before undertaking any legal proceedings, the Practitioner must use other means to acquire payment of his fees.
8.07. The practitioner must charge and accept a fair and reasonable price for all sales of natural products to his patient.
8.08. The Practitioner must not in any way abuse the sale of products for his own benefit.
SECTION IX – Derogatory Act
9.01. The Practitioner must not persistently induce or solicit a patient to use his services.
9.02. A Practitioner must not influence a patient to perform an illegal or fraudulent act.
9.03. A Practitioner must not charge a patient for treatment not rendered.
9.04. It is forbidden for the practitioner to issue a receipt or any other document that is falsified. For insurance reimbursements, official receipts in their original, unaltered CPMDQ version must be used.
9.05. The Practitioner must inform the CPMDQ when a member violates the regulations of this Code of Ethics or if there is reason to believe that a Practitioner is practicing incompetently.
9.06. The practitioner may not hold himself out as a healer or clairvoyant.
We believe that the foregoing rules of conduct are comprehensive and constitute a highly professional framework.
Given our goal of providing the public with practitioners of the highest quality, these attitudes and behaviors are appropriate.
Members of the Commission are required to follow these principles under oath or solemn affirmation before an authorized person.